The reality of exploitation under capitalism is complicated by several factors. First, under capitalism no worker can point to the product and say ‘this is mine’. A peasant will harvest a crop with his own hands. Therefore it is obvious that the food he eats is the fruit of his own labour. Nevertheless, under capitalism there is a division of labour within the workplace as well as the division of labour imposed by production for the market. Take for example a mass-produced car that passes through the hands of hundreds of workers, where the car is the product of the collective labour of the factory employes. Secondly, the surplus is not consumed entirely by the direct employer. Under capitalism is hard to explain the division of surplus value among the people involved. Finally, under capitalism there are other cost apart from labour. For a modern firm, wages may represent only a small part of the total costs. Take for example de depreciation of a machine that aids the worker in creating surplus value but, the machine itself does not create new value.
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