There is a paper under this title, by Nancy Folbre, published on the Cambridge Journal of Economics on 1982, in which the author studies the economic consequences of patriarchy, as it has important implications on production and distribution within the family. The author makes a critic to contemporary Marxists and their concept of value of labour power. According to her study, the labour theory of value must be reinterpreted and can be useful to provide insights in production and distribution in the family. Because the Marxist theory analyses demographic dynamics only in terms of their relationship between capitalists and workers.
The paper describes that wage workers usually do not consume their entire wage bundle and share it with their family, which at the same time shares with them goods and services; but there is no factor to assume that this is equivalent. The problem is that if non-wage labour is excluded from the value of labour power, then it cannot be measured, and the condition of equivalent exchange cannot be even defined nor satisfied. Moreover, considers that the labour theory of value is crucial for an accurate conceptualization of household production, taking into account intra-household allocation in value terms which will enable equal exchange.
The study concludes that costs of reproduction of labour power may be redefined to include family labour, otherwise transfers of surplus labour time within the family may constitute exploitation.
Cambridge Journal of Economics, Volume 6, Issue 4, 1 December 1982, Pages 317–329, https://doi.org/10.1093/oxfordjournals.cje.a035517